Krita - Le Bottin des Jeux Linux

Krita

Specifications

Title: Krita Type: Tool
Genre: Development Status:
Category: Development ➤ Graphics Editor ➤ Image Manipulation (2D) Commercial:
Tags: Development; Content Creation; Image Manipulation; Raster graphics editor; Vector graphics editors; Animation system Demo:
Released: Latest : 4.4 / Dev : 0bad1b9 Package Name: krita
Date: 2020-10-16 Extern Repo: AppImage, Flatpak, Snap
License: GPL v2+ Repo: Debian
Perspective: Third person Package: ✓
Visual: 2D Binary: ✓
Pacing: Real Time Source: ✓
Played: Single PDA:
Quality (record): 5 stars Quality (game):
Contrib.: Goupil & Louis ID: 15482
Created: 2018-09-16 Updated: 2020-10-16

Summary

[fr]: Un éditeur d'image bitmap libre et multi-plateforme permettant la retouche photo, la création d'images à main levée, le dessin vectoriel et l'animation. Il supporte les tablettes graphiques (gérant la pression, l’inclinaison et la vitesse du stylet), les couleurs CMJN, la peinture HDR, le mélange de couleurs et les déformations d'image. Il dispose d'une grille de perspective, de moteurs de pinceaux dynamiques pluggables (simulant de vrais pinceaux) et peut utiliser des ressources externes de pinceaux (ceux de Gimp par exemple). Son autre atout majeur est d'avoir su allier la puissance et la simplicité d'utilisation. [en]: A libre, and multi-platform raster graphics editor for photo editing, freehand image creation, vector drawing and animation. In particular, it supports graphics tablets (handling pressure, tilt and rate), CMYK colors, HDR painting, color mixing and image deformation. It has a perspective grid, pluggable brush engines (simulating real brushes) and can use external brushes resources (those of Gimp for example). Its other major asset is to be able to combine the power and simplicity of use.

Status

Lights on: ✓ Why ?: New version / Nouvelle version
Significant changes (this record):

Videos

Trailer :


Version courante / Current release (4.4) :


Fonctionnalités / Features :


Krita vs Photoshop :


How To des développeurs / Dev How To :


How To utilisateur / User How To [en] / [en] / [fr] :


Quelques exemples / Some examples (Showcase) :


Linux joue / Linux plays : Switched to Linux, Brian Cluff, Ugotsta

Links

Website & videos
[Homepage] [Dev site 1 2] [Features/About] [Screenshots] [Videos cv(4.a) pv(4.3) pv(4.2.9) pv(4.2) pv pv pv pv t t ft ft ts tl tl tl tl ht ht gd id r lp lp lp ht ht ht ht g ht[fr] ht[fr] ht[fr] ht[fr] ht[fr] ht[fr] ht[de] ht[de] ht[ru] ht[ru] g[pl] g[cz] g[sp] g[pt] g[it] g[tr] g] [WIKI] [FAQ] [RSS] [Changelog 1 2 3]

Commercial : [Support their work (Donate)] [Liberapay]

Resources
• (empty)
Technical informations
[Open Hub] [PCGamingWiki] [MobyGames]

Social
Devs (Krita Foundation [fr] [en]) : [Site 1 2 3] [mastodon] [twitter] [YouTube] [Interview 1 2]
Game : [Blog] [Forums] [DeviantArt] [mastodon] [twitter] [Facebook] [vk] [PeerTube] [YouTube] [reddit]

On other sites
[Wikipedia (Krita) [fr] [en] [de]]
[Debian] [Flatpak] [Snap]

Reviews
[metacritic]

News / Source of this Entry (SotE) / News (SotN)
[Changes with v. 4.4.0 (20201013)] [KDE on Mastodon (20201014) (SotN)] [Krita on mastodon (20200326)]

Description [fr]

Un éditeur d'image bitmap permettant la création artistique d'images à main levée ou la retouche photographique, par la Krita Foundation.
En C++.

Krita est un éditeur d'image bitmap libre et multi-plateforme permettant la retouche photo, la création d'images à main levée, le dessin vectoriel et l'animation. Il supporte notamment les tablettes graphiques (gérant la pression, l’inclinaison et la vitesse du stylet), les couleurs CMJN, la peinture HDR, le mélange de couleurs et les déformations d'image. Il dispose d'une grille de perspective, de moteurs de pinceaux dynamiques pluggables (simulant de vrais pinceaux) et peut utiliser des ressources externes de pinceaux (ceux de Gimp par exemple). Son autre atout majeur est d'avoir su allier la puissance et la simplicité d'utilisation.

Crédit image : David Revoy (deevad) (licence CC-BY).


Krita est le studio de peinture numérique gratuit complet pour les artistes qui souhaitent créer un travail professionnel du début à la fin. Krita est utilisé par des dessinateurs de bandes dessinées, des illustrateurs, des concepteurs, des peintres de mattes et de textures et dans l’industrie numérique des effets spéciaux numériques. Krita est utilisé par des millions de personnes dans le monde entier.

Krita possède plusieurs fonctionnalités uniques et innovantes pour les applications de peinture de logiciels libres : la prise en charge d'espaces de couleurs autres que le RVB, tel que le CMJN, la prise en charge de la peinture HDR, les assistants de peinture, une grille de perspective. Les développeurs de Krita souhaitent soutenir la communauté artistique qui s’est développée autour de Krita.

Le nom «Krita» vient du suédois et signifie «dessiner» ou «craie» et a été pris après que les noms «KImageShop» et «Krayon» aient posé des problèmes. La mascotte de Krita est Kiki, un écureuil cybernétique conçu par Tyson Tan.

Krita est un logiciel libre, sous licence GNU Public License, version 2 ou ultérieure.



Debian (traduction du Bottin) :

Programme de manipulation d'images basé sur les pixels

Krita est une application créative pour les images bitmap. Que vous souhaitiez créer à partir de rien ou travailler avec des images existantes, Krita est fait pour vous. Vous pouvez travailler avec des photos ou des images numérisées ou commencer avec une ardoise vierge. Krita prend en charge la plupart des tablettes graphiques.

Krita se distingue des autres logiciels de conception graphique par ses moteurs de pinceaux en plug-in, la prise en charge de certaines ressources de pinceaux telles que les fichiers de pinceaux Gimp, une simulation sophistiquée de vrais pinceaux, ou encore le mélange de couleurs et les déformations d'image. En outre, Krita prend entièrement en charge les tablettes graphiques, notamment des fonctions telles que la pression, l’inclinaison et la vitesse, ce qui en fait un excellent choix pour les artistes. Il existe des outils faciles à utiliser pour dessiner des lignes, des ellipses et des rectangles, et l’outil à main levée est supporté par des «assistants de dessin» pluggables qui vous aident à dessiner des formes qui continuent à donner une impression de dessin à main levée.


Wikipedia:

Krita est l'outil d'édition et de retouche d'image inclus dans le projet KDE. Il permet la retouche photo d'image bitmap. C'est un logiciel libre sous licence GNU GPL.

Krita est semblable aux autres éditeurs d'images bitmap, tels que GIMP ou Adobe Photoshop, et dispose de la plupart de leurs fonctionnalités. Il est orienté principalement vers le dessin bitmap. Il a été influencé par le logiciel Corel Painter, et intègre le moteur de MyPaint, libmypaint, pour les brosses naturelles. Des fonctionnalités d'animation sont également présente depuis la version 3.

Historique

(...)

Description [en]

"A libre raster graphics editor for photo editing, freehand image creation, vector drawing & animation" -- Le Bottin

Krita is the full-featured free digital painting studio for artists who want to create professional work from start to end. Krita is used by comic book artists, illustrators, concept artists, matte and texture painters and in the digital VFX industry. Krita is used by millions of people all over the world.

Krita has several features that are unique or a first among free software painting applications: support for colorspaces other than RGB, like CMYK, support for HDR painting, painting assistants, a perspective grid. The Krita developers are keen to support the artistic community that has grown around Krita.

The name “Krita” comes from Swedish, and means “to draw” or “chalk” and was taken after the names “KImageShop” and “Krayon” gave problems. Krita’s mascot is Kiki, a cybersquirrel designed by Tyson Tan.

Krita is free software, licensed under the GNU Public License, version 2 or later.


Debian:

Pixel-based image manipulation program

Krita is a creative application for raster images. Whether you want to create from scratch or work with existing images, Krita is for you. You can work with photos or scanned images, or start with a blank slate. Krita supports most graphics tablets out of the box.

Krita is different from other graphics design programs in that it has pluggable brush engines, some supporting brush resources like Gimp brush files, others offering sophisticated simulation of real brushes, and others again offering color mixing and image deformations. Moreover, Krita has full support for graphics tablets, including such features as pressure, tilt and rate, making it a great choice for artists. There are easy to use tools for drawing lines, ellipses and rectangles, and the freehand tool is supported by pluggable "drawing assistants" that help you draw shapes that still have a freehand feeling to them.


Wikipedia:

Krita is a free-software and an open-source raster graphics editor, designed primarily for digital painting and animation purposes. It features a low-distract UI, high-quality OpenGL accelerated canvas, color management support, advanced brush engine, non-destructive layers and masks, group-based layer management, vector artwork support and switchable customization profiles. It runs on Linux, Microsoft Windows, and macOS.

Name

The project's current name "Krita" has multi-cultural references. In Swedish, krita means "crayon" and rita means "to draw". In the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata, the name "krita" is used in a context where it can be translated into "perfect".

History

Early development of the project can be tracked back to 1998 when Matthias Ettrich, founder of KDE showcased a Qt GUI hack for GIMP on Linux Kongress. The idea of building a Qt-based image editor was later passed to KImage, maintained by Michael Koch, as a part of KOffice suite. In 1999, Matthias Elter proposed the idea of building the software using Corba around ImageMagick. To avoid existing trademarks on the market, the project underwent numerous name changes: KImageShop, Krayon, until it was finally settled with "Krita" in 2002. The first public version of Krita was released with KOffice 1.4 in 2004. In years between 2004 and 2009, Krita had been developed as a generic image manipulation software like Photoshop and GIMP.

Change of direction happened to the project in 2009, with a new goal of becoming a digital painting software like Corel Painter and SAI. Also from that point, the project began to experiment with various ways of funding its development, including Google Summer of Code and funded jobs for students. As a result, the development gained speed and resulted in better performance and stability.

The Krita Foundation was created in 2013 to provide support for Krita's development. It collaborated with Intel to create Krita Sketch as a marketing campaign and Krita Studio with KO GmbH as commercially supported version for movie and VFX studios. Kickstarter campaigns have been used to crowdfund Krita's development since 2014.

Design and features

(...)

Features

User Interface
An intuitive user interface that stays out of your way. The dockers and panels can be moved and customized for your specific workflow. Once you have your setup, you can save it as your own workspace. You can also create your own shortcuts for commonly used tools.

Brush Stabilizers
Have a shaky hand? Add a stabilizer to your brush to smoothen it out. Krita includes 3 different ways to smooth and stabilize your brush strokes. There is even a dedicated Dynamic Brush tool where you can add drag and mass.

Pop-up Palette
Quickly pick your color and brush by right-clicking on the canvas. You can also use Krita’s tagging system to swap out the available brushes that are displayed. The ring outside of the color selector contains the most recently used colors. These settings can be configured through the preferences.

Brush Engines
Customize your brushes with over 9 unique brush engines. Each engine has a large amount of settings to customize your brush. Each brush engine is made to satisfy a specific need such as the Color Smudge engine, Shape engine, Particle engine, and even a filter engine. Once you are done creating your brushes, you can save them and organize them with Krita’s unique tagging system.

Wrap-around mode
It is easy to create seamless textures and patterns now. Press the ‘W’ key while painting to toggle wrap-around mode. The image will make references of itself along the x and y axis. Continue painting and watch all of the references update instantly. No more clunky offsetting to see how your image repeats itself.

Resource Manager
Import brush and texture packs from other artists to expand your tool set. If you create some brushes that you love, share them with the world by creating your own bundles. Check out the brush packs that are available in the Resource area.

Drawing Assistants
Use a drawing aid to assist you with vanishing points and straight lines. The Assistant Tool comes with 9 unique assistants to help you make that perfect shape. These tools range from drawing ellipses to creating curvilinear perspective with the Fisheye Point tool. Use multiple assistants at the same time when drawing.

Mirroring Tools
Do quick vertical and horizontal mirroring with the tools on the toolbar. If you need a more advanced mirroring tool, check out the Multibrush Tool. This allows you to rotate the mirroring, along with adding more axis for a kaleidoscope effect. In addition to the mirror tools, there is also a quick mirror canvas option that allows you to flip the canvas and check for issues.

Layer Management
In addition to painting, Krita comes with vector, filter, group, and file layers. Combine, order, and flatten layers to help your artwork stay organized. There are also three different views on how to see the layers.

Selections
Highlight a portion of your drawing to work on. There are additional features that allow you to add and remove from the selection. You can further modify your selection by feathering and inverting it. Paint a selection with the Global Selection Mask.

Layer Masks
Nondestructively work on layers with masks. You can add a layer mask for transparency, filters, or transformations. You can even add multiple masks for each layer.

Full Color Management
Krita supports full color management through LCMS for ICC and OpenColor IO for EXR, allowing you to incorporate Krita into your existing color management pipeline. Or let it be the start of one: Krita comes with a wide variety of icc working space profiles for every need, with a color space browser to visualise and explore them.

OpenGL Enhanced
Krita takes advantages of OpenGL for some of its operations. With OpenGL enabled, you will see increased canvas rotation and zooming speed. The canvas will also look better when zoomed out.

PSD Support
Open PSD files that even Photoshop cannot open. Load and save to PSD when you need to take your artwork across different programs.

HDR Support
Krita is the only dedicated painting application that lets you open, save, edit and author HDR and scene-referred images. Furthermore, with OCIO and OpenEXR support, you can manipulate the view to examine HDR images, and use it in the most cutting edge workflows from the film and visual effects industries.

Transform Tools
Bend, distort, move, or liquefy your selections. You can do these operations directly, or nondestructively through transformation masks.

Training Resources
In addition to training and educational material found on the Internet, Krita produces its own training material to help you learn all of the tools fast.

Color Palette
Choose and manage your colors. Mix colors with the Digital Colors Mixer. Select your colors in a compact fashion with the Small Color Selector. Select colors by value with the Specific Color Selector. Have a predefined color palette with the Palette docker.