GIMP - Le Bottin des Jeux Linux

GIMP

Specifications

Title: GIMP Type: Tool
Genre: Development Status:
Category: Development ➤ Graphics Editor ➤ Image Manipulation (2D) Commercial:
Tags: Development; Content Creation; Image Manipulation; Raster graphics editor; Vector graphics editors; Animation system Demo:
Released: Latest : 2.10.14 / Dev : Cd54a8fe Package Name: gimp
Date: 2019-11-21 Extern Repo:
License: GPL v3 Deb Repo: Debian
View: Third person Package: ✓
Graphic: 2D Binary: ✓
Mechanics: Real Time Source: ✓
Played: Single PDA:
Quality (record): 5 stars Quality (game): 5 stars
Contrib.: Goupil & Louis ID: 15445
Created: 2018-08-05 Updated: 2019-11-23

Summary

[fr]: Un éditeur d'image bitmap libre et multi-plateforme permettant la création artistique d'images à main levée (avec support des tablettes graphiques), la retouche photographique, ou la création d'images animées, avec un large éventail d'outils (150 filtres, conversion de format, sélection, transformation, remplissage, clonage, calques, masques, brosses, pinceau, aérographe, ...). Son système de plugin et de script lui permet d'augmenter ses capacités et d'automatiser certaines tâches. C'est un outil de qualité continuellement amélioré et mis à l'épreuve dans divers projets. [en]: A free/libre, and cross-platform raster graphics editor for the artistic creation of freehand images (supporting graphic tablets), photo retouching, or creation of animated images, with a wide range of tools (150 filters, format conversion, selection, transformation, filling, cloning, layers, masks, brushes, pencils, airbrush, ...). Its plugin and scripting system allows it to increase its capabilities and automate certain tasks. It is a quality tool continuously improved and put to the test in various projects.

Status

Lights on: ✓ Why ?: New version / Nouvelle version

Videos

Version courante / Current release (2.10) :


Version courante / Current release (2.10.14) :


Quelques exemples / Some examples (Showcase) :


"ZeMarmot", a Libre Movie, fully made with Free Software (GIMP, Blender, Ardour…) :

Links

Website & videos
[Homepage] [Dev site] [Features/About 1 2] [Screenshots] [Videos cv cv cv cv cv [fr] cv [de] t ts gd id r lp tl tl tl tl tl tl tl tl tl tl tl tl tl tl tl ht ht ht[fr] g[de] g[ru] g[pl] g[cz] g[sp] g[pt] g[it] g[tr] g] [WIKI 1 2] [FAQ] [RSS] [Changelog 1 2 3 4]

Commercial : [Support their work (Donate)]

Resources
• (empty)
Technical informations
[Open Hub] [PCGamingWiki] [MobyGames]

Social
Devs (GIMP Team 1 2 [fr] [en]) : [Site 1 2] [twitter] [YouTube] [Interview 1 2]
Devs (Spencer Kimball [fr] [en]) : [Site 1 2] [twitter] [YouTube] [Interview 1 2]
Devs (Peter Mattis [fr] [en]) : [Site 1 2] [twitter] [YouTube] [Interview 1 2]

Game : [Blog] [Forums] [twitter] [Facebook] [YouTube]

On other sites
[Wikipedia (GIMP) [fr] [en] [de]]
[Debian] [GIMPUSERS.com]

Reviews
[metacritic]

News / Source of this Entry (SotE) / News (SotN)
[Changes with v. 2.10.14 (20191031)] [Changes with v. 2.10 (20180427)] [LinuxFr [fr] (20180624) (SotN)] [MX Linux on Mastodon (20190410)] [LinuxFr [fr] (20181125)] [GameFromScratch (20180820)] [LinuxFr [fr] (20180801) (SotE)]

Description [fr]

Un éditeur d'image bitmap permettant la création artistique d'images à main levée, la retouche photographique, ou la création d'images animées, par la GIMP Team, initié par Spencer Kimball et Peter Mattis.

GIMP (pour GNU Image Manipulation Program) est un éditeur d'image bitmap libre et multi-plateforme permettant la création artistique d'images à main levée (avec support des tablettes graphiques), la retouche photographique, ou la création d'images animées, avec un large éventail d'outils (150 filtres, conversion de format, sélection, transformation, remplissage, clonage, calques, masques, brosses, pinceau, aérographe, ...). Son système de plugin et de script lui permet d'augmenter ses capacités et d'automatiser certaines tâches. C'est un outil de qualité continuellement amélioré et mis à l'épreuve dans divers projets.


L'éditeur d'images libres et Open Source

GIMP est un éditeur d'image multi-plateforme disponible pour GNU / Linux, OS X, Windows et d'autres systèmes d'exploitation. C'est un logiciel libre, vous pouvez changer son code source et distribuer vos modifications.

Que vous soyez graphiste, photographe, illustrateur ou scientifique, GIMP vous fournit des outils sophistiqués pour accomplir votre travail. Vous pouvez encore améliorer votre productivité avec GIMP grâce à de nombreuses options de personnalisation et de plug-ins tiers.


Crédit image (lien ci-dessus) : GIMPUSERS.com


Debian:

Programme de manipulation d’image GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program)

GIMP est un éditeur d'images perfectionné. Il permet d'éditer, d'améliorer et de retoucher des photos ou des images numérisées ou de créer directement dessins et images. Il possède une grande collection d'outils d'édition et de filtres de niveau professionnel, similaires à ceux de Photoshop. Des paramètres de contrôle nombreux et fins, et des fonctionnalités telles que les calques, chemins ou masques ou l'écriture de scripts, donnent un contrôle complet sur les images.
De nombreux formats d'images sont gérés, comme les fichiers JPEG, Photoshop (.psd) et Paint Shop Pro (.psp). GIMP peut également servir pour numériser et imprimer des photos.

Le paquet gvfs-backends permet à GIMP d'ouvrir des fichiers à distance, par exemple à l’aide d’HTTP.
Le paquet libasound2 est nécessaire pour utiliser un périphérique MIDI (comme un clavier musical) comme contrôleur d'entrée dans GIMP. De plus amples renseignements sont disponibles dans le manuel pratique /usr/share/doc/gimp/README.MIDI


Wikipedia:

GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) est un outil d'édition et de retouche d'image, diffusé sous la licence GPLv3 comme un logiciel gratuit et libre. Il en existe des versions pour la plupart des systèmes d'exploitation dont GNU/Linux, OS X et Microsoft Windows.

GIMP a des outils utilisés pour la retouche et l'édition d'image, le dessin à main levée, réajuster, rogner, photomontages, convertir entre différents formats d'image, et plus de tâches spécialisées. Les images animées comme les fichiers GIF et MPEG peuvent être créées en utilisant un plugin d'animation.

Les développeurs et mainteneurs de GIMP souhaitent créer un logiciel d'infographie gratuit haut de gamme pour l'édition et la création d'images originales, de photos, d'icônes, d'éléments graphiques de pages web, et d'art pour les éléments de l'interface de l'utilisateur.

Histoire

Le projet a été lancé en 1995 par Spencer Kimball et Peter Mattis4. GIMP signifiait initialement General Image Manipulation Program. Il était destiné en premier lieu aux systèmes UNIX et GNU/Linux ainsi que Darwin (la base de Mac OS X), mais fonctionne aussi sous Windows. Le nom de ce programme est un jeu de mots sur le terme « gimp », qui a plusieurs sens en anglais, notamment celui de boiteux. Sa mascotte officielle est Wilber.

Caractéristiques

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Description [en]

"A free/libre raster graphics editor for the artistic creation of freehand images, photo retouching, or creation of animated images" -- Le Bottin

The Free & Open Source Image Editor

GIMP is a cross-platform image editor available for GNU/Linux, OS X, Windows and more operating systems. It is free software, you can change its source code and distribute your changes.

Whether you are a graphic designer, photographer, illustrator, or scientist, GIMP provides you with sophisticated tools to get your job done. You can further enhance your productivity with GIMP thanks to many customization options and 3rd party plugins.


Debian:

GNU Image Manipulation Program

GIMP is an advanced picture editor. You can use it to edit, enhance, and retouch photos and scans, create drawings, and make your own images. It has a large collection of professional-level editing tools and filters, similar to the ones you might find in Photoshop. Numerous fine-control settings and features like layers, paths, masks, and scripting give you total control over your images.

Many image file formats are supported, including JPEG, Photoshop (.psd), and Paint Shop Pro (.psp) files. It can also be used to scan and print photos.

To open files remotely (like over HTTP), install the gvfs-backends package.
To use a MIDI device (like a musical keyboard) as an input controller in GIMP, install libasound2 and read the how-to at /usr/share/doc/gimp/README.MIDI


Wikipedia:

GIMP (/ɡɪmp/ GHIMP; GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free and open-source raster graphics editor used for image retouching and editing, free-form drawing, converting between different image formats, and more specialized tasks.

GIMP is released under GPLv3+ licenses and is available for Linux, macOS, and Microsoft Windows.

History

GIMP was originally released as the General Image Manipulation Program. In 1995 Spencer Kimball and Peter Mattis began developing GIMP as a semester-long project at the University of California, Berkeley for the eXperimental Computing Facility. In 1996 GIMP (0.54) was released as the first publicly available release. In the following year Richard Stallman visited UC Berkeley where Spencer Kimball and Peter Mattis asked if they could change General to GNU (the name given to the operating system created by Stallman). Richard Stallman approved and the definition of the acronym GIMP was changed to be the GNU Image Manipulation Program. This reflected its new existence as being developed as Free Software as a part of the GNU Project.

The number of computer architectures and operating systems supported has expanded significantly since its first release. The first release supported UNIX systems, such as Linux, SGI IRIX and HP-UX. Since the initial release, GIMP has been ported to many operating systems, including Microsoft Windows and macOS; the original port to the Windows 32-bit platform was started by Finnish programmer Tor M. Lillqvist (tml) in 1997 and was supported in the GIMP 1.1 release.

Following the first release GIMP was quickly adopted and a community of contributors formed. The community began developing tutorials, artwork and shared better work-flows and techniques.

A GUI toolkit called GTK (GIMP tool kit) was developed to facilitate the development of GIMP. GTK was replaced by its successor GTK+ after being redesigned using object-oriented programming techniques. The development of GTK+ has been attributed to Peter Mattis becoming disenchanted with the Motif toolkit GIMP originally used; Motif was used up until GIMP 0.60.

Development

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Features

☑ High Quality Photo Manipulation

GIMP provides the tools needed for high quality image manipulation. From retouching to restoring to creative composites, the only limit is your imagination.

☑ Original Artwork Creation

GIMP gives artists the power and flexibility to transform images into truly unique creations.

☑ Graphic Design Elements

GIMP is used for producing icons, graphical design elements, and art for user interface components and mockups.

☑ Programming Algorithms

GIMP is a high quality framework for scripted image manipulation, with multi-language support such as C, C++, Perl, Python, Scheme, and more!

☑ Key Component in a Desktop Publishing Workflow

GIMP provides top-notch color management features to ensure high-fidelity color reproduction across digital and printed media. It is best used in workflows involving other free software such as Scribus, Inkscape, and SwatchBooker.

☑ Extensibility & Flexibility

GIMP provides extensibility through integration with many programming languages including Scheme, Python, Perl, and more.
The result is a high level of customization as demonstrated by the large number of scripts and plug-ins created by the community.